ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠡᠩᠭ᠍ᠯᠢ ᠭᠡᠯᠡ ᠴᠤᠪᠣᠷᠠᠯ 1
Unit 1 Friendship
ANNE’S BEST FRIEND
Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend .
Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World WarⅡ.Her family was Jewish so they had hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said,“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.”Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.
Thurday 15th June,1944
I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.
᠁ For example, one evening when it was so warm , I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face ᠁.
᠁ Sadly ᠁ I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dust windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really mu
st be experienced.
Unit 1 ᠨᠥᠭᠦᠷᠯᠡᠯ
Reading ᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ
ᠴᠢ ᠰᠡᠳᠭᠢᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠦᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠠᠭᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᠯ ᠪᠣᠳᠤᠯ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠯᠴᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠲᠡᠶ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠶᠠ ᠭᠡᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠤᠳᠠᠭ ᠦᠦ︖ ᠡᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠡ ᠴᠢᠨᠤ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠴᠢᠨᠢ ᠴᠢᠨᠤ ᠵᠤᠪᠠᠯᠠᠩ ᠢ ᠣᠢ᠌ᠯᠠᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ ᠴᠢᠮᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠡᠯᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠦ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠠᠶᠤᠳᠠᠭ ᠶᠤᠮ ᠦᠦ︖ ᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ᠂ ᠹᠷᠠᠩᠺ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠭᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠤᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠦᠪᠡᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃
ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠭᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠤᠶᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ᠂ ᠬᠤᠯᠠᠠᠳ᠋ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠮᠤᠰᠲ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠸᠮ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤᠷᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠳᠠᠳᠠ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠢᠪᠷᠠᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠳᠠᠨ ᠣᠴᠢᠷ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠤᠵᠤ ᠳᠠᠯᠳᠠᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭ᠍ᠳᠡᠢ᠂ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠭᠧᠷᠮᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠠᠼᠢᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠭᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭ᠍ᠳᠡᠭᠦ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠡᠮᠤᠨᠡ ᠳᠠᠳᠠ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠣᠷᠴᠢᠮ ᠳᠠᠯᠳᠠᠯᠠᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠤᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠭᠴᠠ ᠰᠡᠳᠭᠢᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠶᠤᠮ᠃ ᠳᠠᠷᠠ᠄ 《ᠪᠢ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠩᠭᠢ ᠭᠦᠮᠤᠨ ᠰᠢᠭ᠌ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠣᠴᠢᠷ ᠢ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠳᠤᠭᠠᠴᠢᠬᠤ ᠰᠠᠨᠠᠭᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ᠂ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠮᠳᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠶᠢᠡᠷ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠨᠠ᠃ ᠪᠢ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠠ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠺᠢᠲ᠋ᠢ ᠭᠡᠵᠤ ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠯᠠᠶᠠ》 ᠭᠡᠯᠡ᠃ ᠣᠳᠤ (ᠪᠢᠳᠠ) 1942 ᠣᠨ ᠤ7 ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠨᠠᠭᠠᠰᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠢᠭᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠶᠠᠭᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠳᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᠶᠠ᠃
ᠬᠠᠢ᠌ᠷᠠᠳᠤ ᠺᠢᠲ᠋ᠢ ᠮᠢᠨᠢ᠄
ᠣᠳᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠤ ᠴᠢᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ ᠰᠢᠯᠳᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠴᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠤ᠂ ᠪᠢ ᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠲᠡᠶ ᠬᠤᠯᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠳᠤᠩ ᠰᠡᠳᠭᠢᠯ ᠭᠦᠭ᠍ᠰᠡᠭᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠥᠩᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭ᠍ᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠤ᠂ ᠭᠦᠨ ᠭᠦᠭᠡ ᠳᠡᠭ᠍ᠷᠢ᠂ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤ᠂ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠸᠠᠷ ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ᠌ ᠤᠳ ᠮᠢᠨᠤ ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠷᠤᠯ ᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠴᠤ ᠣᠳᠠᠭᠠ ᠭᠦᠴᠦᠳᠡᠢ ᠳᠠᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠴᠢᠳᠠᠭᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠪᠢ ᠳᠤᠪ ᠳᠤᠳᠤᠷᠬᠠᠢ ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢᠯᠡᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠨᠡ᠃ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠢ ᠡ᠊ᠨᠳᠡ ᠢᠷᠡᠭ᠍ᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠬᠣᠢ᠌ᠰᠢ ᠡᠨᠡᠭᠦ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠳᠠᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠷᠠᠯᠳᠠ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠠᠢ᠃
ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠯ᠂ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠳᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠬᠠᠨ ᠦᠳᠡᠰᠢ᠂ ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠦᠪᠡᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠨᠢᠳᠤ ᠳᠦᠭᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠦᠯᠦᠭᠡ ᠪᠢ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠰ ᠪᠣᠯᠳᠠᠯᠠ ᠰᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠯᠠ᠃ ᠭᠡᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠭᠡᠳᠦᠷᠭᠡᠢ ᠬᠤᠷᠴᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠪᠢ ᠴᠤᠩᠬᠤ ᠨᠡᠭᠡᠭᠡᠭᠦ ᠵᠤᠷᠢᠭ ᠭᠦᠷᠦᠭ᠍ᠰᠡᠨ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ᠂ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠡᠮᠤᠨᠡ᠂ ᠳᠠᠷᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠦᠢ ᠳᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠶᠡ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠴᠤᠩᠬᠤ ᠨᠡᠭᠡᠭᠡᠯᠳᠡᠳᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠵᠤ᠂ ᠪᠢ ᠶᠠᠭ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠰᠠᠷ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷᠡ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠯᠠ᠃ ᠪᠢ ᠴᠤᠩᠬᠤ ᠶᠢ ᠵᠠᠪᠠᠯ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠶᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠭᠠᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠶᠢ ᠠᠰᠠᠷ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠪᠠ᠃ ᠳᠡᠭ᠍ᠷᠢ ᠫᠠᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠢ᠂ ᠰᠠᠯᠭᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠷᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠤᠯᠢᠯᠳᠤᠨ᠂ ᠭᠢᠯᠪᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠢᠯᠪᠠᠭᠡᠳ ᠡᠭᠦᠯᠡ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯᠳᠤᠨᠠ᠂ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠨ ᠨᠠᠮᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠢᠮᠦᠰᠤᠨ ᠡᠵᠡᠮᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ᠃ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠷᠰᠢ ᠰᠦᠨᠢ ᠲᠡᠶ ᠠᠩᠬᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠤᠷ ᠣᠴᠠᠷᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠭᠠ ᠮᠢᠨᠢ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠪᠢᠯᠠ᠃
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠮᠰᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠢ ᠳᠤᠭᠤᠰᠤᠳᠠᠢ ᠴᠤᠩᠬᠤᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠡᠯᠭᠦᠭ᠍ᠳᠡᠭ᠍ᠰᠡᠨ ᠊ᠭ᠍ᠬᠢᠷᠳᠡᠢ ᠪᠦᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨᠠ ᠡᠴᠠ ᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠯᠠ ᠳᠠᠳᠤᠢ᠃ ᠭᠡᠪᠠᠴᠤ ᠢᠩᠭᠢᠵᠤ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠨᠢ ᠰᠡᠳᠭᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠰᠬᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠴᠢᠷ ᠣᠭᠳᠤᠬᠠᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠪᠢᠰᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ᠃ ᠶᠠᠭᠠᠭᠢᠭᠠᠤᠨ ᠭᠡᠪᠠᠯ ᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠭᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢ ᠭᠦᠮᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠶᠢᠡᠨ ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦ ᠯᠠ ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭ᠍ᠳᠡᠢ᠃
1944 ᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠨ᠂ ᠭᠠᠷᠠᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠦᠷᠪᠠᠨ
ᠢᠷᠡᠯᠲᠡ᠄ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ᠌
ᠴᠠᠭ᠄ 2010 ᠤᠨ ᠤ 08 ᠰᠠᠷᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ 15